This is a complex profiling of Mogadishu’s internal displacement situation which is a combined success in collaboration of federal, regional and district authorities, UN agencies, NGOs and the communities themselves, who shared information about their living situation and their prospects openly.
The report and annexes represent a major source of up to date information that should suitably inform future programming in association with Mogadishu IDPs

Download this report


For over two decades, Somalia has been in a state of complex humanitarian crisis, with socio-economic, political and environmental factors leading to widespread conflict, drought, flooding and numerous other recurrent human and natural disasters. The situation has been made worse lately by increased insecurity and volatile population movements experienced since March 2014. This rise in conflict across the country, in conjunction with widespread environmental hazards, has left the majority of Somalia’s 12.3 million people chronically or acutely vulnerable. , According to UNHCR, about 4.9 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance as of September 2015, and over 1.1 million people remain internally displaced.

Over the past several months, there have been forced evictions in Mogadishu mostly in government camps which have been occupied and settled by internally displaced people. Government forces and private landlords evicted many people from those locations without providing other housing alternatives, subjecting them to join into already crowded IDPs camps in Banadir region. An estimated number of 369,000 IDPs reside in Banadir Region (UNHCR, February 2016). The “K7–K20” IDP camps is part of a protracted IDP crisis. The number of IDPs living in these camps is unclear but can be estimated between 250,000 and 300,000 persons. This includes new cases of IDPs that have been displaced during the AMISOM operation “Indian Ocean” or that have been evicted from other IDP camps in Banadir. It is estimated that more than 75% of the IDPs and refugees who live in IDPs camps are extremely vulnerable, like pregnant and lactating women, children under 5 and elderly people. They struggle to access basic services such as shelter, NFIs, food, WASH services, education and health care.

Diakonie Katastrophenhilfe (DKH), through its implementing partner Daryeel Bulsho Guud (DBG), has been supporting the basic needs of internally displaced women, men, girls and boys in Somalia since 1992. DKH through DBG is currently implementing food security project – in k7-k20 IDP camps in Mogadishu. The project is implemented through voucher mechanism (both flexible and fixed vouchers) targeting 3985 most vulnerable IDP households.
1.1. Objectives and Scope of the Study
The purpose of the market mapping and analysis was to get knowledge about the dynamics of supply streams available and operational for humanitarian response in emergencies and protracted crisis in the IDP settlements in K7-K20 in Banadir. The specific objectives of the market mapping and analysis were as follows:

1. Assess the retail shops in the target area by mapping the supplies they usually have in stock, duration of price stability, and the lead time involved in replacement of these items.
2. Assess the elasticity of commercial stocks of relief items, the market dynamics and the impact of increased demands on the prices of commodities in the process.
3. To analyse the appropriateness of the voucher program particularly in comparison to direct delivery and comparison to more traditional method of cash transfer delivery in the context of the IDP camps in Mogadishu

Report authors: Mohamed Korane (Lead Consultant) and Yusuf Mohamed Barre (Associate Consultant) with the support of Bashir Ali (DBG Executive Director)

Download this report


It is estimated that 1/3 of 1.1M IDPs in Somalia, which is 350,000 IDPs are in Mogadishu IDP camps and over 80% of them are reported to be in the Mogadishu –Afgoye Corridor IDP camps known as KM7-KM20
In response to that, DBG conducted an in depth needs assessment for camps located between KM7-KM20 at both Dharkenley and Deynille districts in Banadir region on Augsut-15. The assessment focused on understanding the urgent needs of IDPs in terms of food, basic non-food items, Shelter and WASH, community interaction issues and overall livelihood for IDPs residing in these camps.

Download this report

Rapid needs assessment report on Fistula as of 16-Aug-15

Obstetric fistula which includes both vesico vaginal (VVF) and recto-vaginal fistula
(RVF), represents critically important and largely neglected issue in the field of
reproductive health in Somalia

the country’s maternal mortality ratio stands at 1,044 deaths per 100,000 live births,
making it one of the highest in the world and contributes to raising the regional and
global averages for the indicator. Moreover, reproductive health situation analysis
conducted by UNFPA in early 2009 concluded that more than 90% of women deliver
at home as more than half are assisted by traditional birth attendants (TBAs).

The number of maternal deaths is highest in countries where women are least likely to
have access to a midwife, doctor or other trained professional during delivery which
at the end results to fistula. Vast majority of the girls and women services to repair
their condition remain unattainable for a number of reasons: their lack of knowledge
such a condition can be repaired; the distance they must travel to reach a facility that
provides treatment; the low likelihood which even if they can get to a facility, it will
offer fistula repair in its portfolio of services; their inability to pay for the services if
they are available; and the backlog with which facilities that do provide repairs are

Download the report